ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION

The bungalow was a popular form i n Pelham and this is perhaps the highest style example i n the town. It is a front-dormer bungalow with a shed roof dormer stretching across much of the side- gabled roof. One-and-a-half stories i n height, it is yet a large house being four bays wide and three tofourbaysdeep. Theasphaltshingledroofextendstocreateadeepporchthatissupportedon paired battered half-length posts. Theposts siton fieldstone foundation builtupasplinthss connected by a thick railing. O nitsother three sides, theroof has a deep overhang that is ornamented with exposed rafters and braces. There is a king post truss inthenorth gable end, as well. Thefieldstone ofthe foundations wasused foranexterior fieldstone, through-cornice chimney onthenorthfacade. Sashinthehouseismixed:fromdiamondpaneto6/6. Onbothnorthand south facades there are oriels, a favorite feature of the Craftsman bungalow to add interior and exterior visual interest. There is a small, one-bay garage that was probably built at the same time the house was.

THE HISTORY

9 Harkness Road w a s originally part of Lot No. 58-3, drawn b y Original Proprietor James Thornton [ca. 1684-1754]. Thornton wasoneofthe twoofthe leaders ofthe Scotch-Irishgroup in Worcester which organized theproprietary company that purchased Pelham in 1738. Thornton's son,Dr. Matthew Thornton [ca. 1714-1803], w h o briefly resided i n Pelham, later became a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, from New Hampshire.

It isassumed that thehouses along Harkness Road south of 1Harkness Road (onthewest side) andsouthof10HarknessRoad(ontheeastside)were, atonetime,partoftheHarknessLot.The "Harkness Lot," so-called, m a yhave been named for William Harkness, Sr. [1793-1831]. In the

1820s, 58Harkness Road may have extended asfarnorth aspresent 1Harkness Road. William Harkness may have either had aninterest in58Harkness Road ormay have owned theHarkness Lot outright. Harkness Road, at thetime, wassimply "aprivate road", nota town road, which meansthatitwasprobablynothingmorethanacartpath.Nohouseexistedbetween present Amherst Road and 58 Harkness Road until the first house at 1 Harkness Road had been builtby Edmund Myrick [ca. 1797-1855] c a . 1828.

Dr. Harry Willis Allen [1892-1981] recalls [in 1976] "About 1905, G[eorge] Washington] Towne [1833-1922] and daughter Mabel [L. Towne] [b. ca. 1872] bought the [James Robert] Anderson [1859-1912] property[1HarknessRoad]atthenorthernendoftheflatandbuiltthefirstmodern home onthatroad[i.e., 10HarknessRoad]. Thiswassoonfollowed bythehome of L[yman] W[allace]AllenandWfilton] C.Towne [at16HarknessRoad]onthesamesideofthe [Harkness] road and a short distance to thesouth." 10Harkness Road was, thus, thefirst house built between 1 Harkness Road and 5 8 Harkness Road.

It is assumed that approximately 16 acres of the former Harkness Lot which became the nexus of 10 Harkness Road was eventually passed by the Harkness Estate through successive owners down

to Anderson. Meanwhile, Montague City Fish Rod Factory owner Eugene P. Bartlett [1853-1925],
the largest land owner in Pelham, came to control the western side of Harkness Road, e.g., the present houses with odd numbers (with the exception of 5 Harkness Road and 9 Harkness Road which were still part of 1 Harkness Road). Bartlett owned the western side of the street at least as far south as present 27 Harkness Road, if not further.) Bartlett also owned property on the east side of Harkness Road beginning with present 22 Harkness Road to a point south of present 24 Harkness Road.

Allen describes Harkness Road in the vicinity of 10 Harkness Road, which was, within a few years, to have six other houses built within a small neighborhood: "This principal residential street of Pelham was named by Frederick [Abbott] Shepard [1866-1945], at the time he built on this street in the early 1900's. It was named in honor of the Harknesses, who once owned a large farm on this road [58 Harkness Road], where the Jewetts lived at the time of this account. In 1905 there were no residences on this road between the Anderson place [1 Harkness Road], at the junction with the Amherst Road, and the Jewett Place [58 Harkness Road], about a [half] mile to the south. This area was convenient to the trolley line to Amherst, it was served by a small water main traversing the Anderson property from east to west, the ancient stone walls provided good material for basement walls and the gravel subsoil was suitable for building satisfactory cesspools."

Indeed, the fact that renters and small home owners were now living on Harkness Road in West Pelham was the result of two factors: the proximity to the Montague City Fish Rod Factory and that the trolley now ran from Amherst into Pelham, allowing workers to live as far out as West Pelham and take the trolley to their jobs i n Amherst. The trolley, of course, was eventually superceded by the family car.

The Northampton Daily Herald on Dec. 17, 1914 reported: "W. C. Towne is building a bungalow in West Pelham." Dr. Harry Willis Allen says that "W. C. Towne built and occupied a second house [9 Harkness Road] adjacent to the Shepard property on the north [11 Harkness Road]." 9 Harkness Road was actually the second house in which Towne had a hand in building in this immediate neighborhood (the first being 16 Harkness Road in 1908, see below).

Wilton C. Towne [1856-1934], a Merchant who ran a Dry Goods Store in Amherst, was husband of Anna Victoria Hill Towne [1854-1925] (who was his first wife). He was also nephew of George Washington Towne [1833-1922] and cousin of Mabel L. Towne [b. ca. 1872] who built 10 Harkness Road in 1905 and had begun the development of this neighborhood. In 1908, Wilton and Lyman Wallace Allen [1864-1935] the husband of his cousin, Nellie M. Towne Allen [1861-1948] (Nellie and Mabel were sisters) built 16 Harkness Road. Lyman left 16 Harkness Road in 1913. Wilton sold his interest in 16 Harkness Road to Frank Elmer Hamilton [1863-1943].

Wilton purchased a 32/100 acre lot from the Estate of James Robert Anderson [1859-1912], owners of 1 Harkness Road, in 1913. The size of the lot may have actually been "82/100" acres, as that was the size given for Wilton's first listing for this property in the 1914 Tax Valuations. A "house unfinished" appears on the 1915 Tax Valuations and, by 1917, a garage is listed, and the property described as "3/4ths acres."

The 1920 Federal Census lists Wilton, age 63, Retail Merchant, wife Anna, age 65, and Wilton's sister, Florence E. L. Towne [1860-1928], age 60, and single, all in residence at 9 Harkness Road. Anna died in 1925. Wilton sold 9 Harkness Road in 1926. That same year he was still a Pelham resident married his second wife, Hattie Virana Varce Whipple Towne [1860-1932]. Hattie had been a Housekeeper in Orange. Wilton and Hattie probably moved back to Amherst, where he was a resident when he died in 1934. An extended article appeared in a local newspaper regarding Wilton's many bequests: "The will of Wilton C. Towne, for many years proprietor of a general store in Main street, Amherst, which was filed recently in the Probate Court of Hampshire, provides

bequests for the First Congregational Church, the Odd Fellows, the Rebekahs and the Masonic Lodges in Amherst, the Odd Fellows and Masonic homes, the Shriners' Hospital for Crippled Children in Springfield and other charitable institutions. Mr. Towne died recently in Portland, Me., following a short illness..." The Amherst church received $10,000 and numerous other organizations in both Amherst and Florida received gifts.

The next owner of 9 Harkness Road was Charles Edward Behre [b. ca. 1896], husband of Mattie Vernice Graybill Behre [1901-1974]. While they resided at 9 Harkness Road from 1927 to 1939, Charles also owned the large Harkness-Jewett farm at 58 Harkness Road from 1928 until 1932. Charles hired caretakers to work 58 Harkness Road as a productive dairy farm, improving that property with additional stock and constructing several new outbuildings used for specialty work. He established 58 Harkness Road as "Forest Farms Dairy". Behre, himself, was employed as Director of a government [extension?] station.

Pearly P. Keyes, Jr. recalled that the Behres "were very rich" compared to Pelham people. They had a car, for example, at a time when most people didn't have cars, he noted. They used to take the Pearl P. Keyes, Sr. [1891-1982] family, who lived at 42 South Valley Road, to Amherst Unitarian Church services on Sundays. An advertisement for Behre's farm in the Amherst Record [in 1928] read: "Forest Farm, West Pelham, Mass. Pure, rich milk and cream from tuberculin treated Jersey- Holstein herd. Daily delivery in Amherst." During his 12 years in Pelham, Behre served as Selectman in both 1930 and 1931.

Charles' 1930 Federal Census for 9 Harkness Road lists Charles, age 34, Director; Vernice, age 29, a Teacher; son Herman E. Behre, age 8; daughter Bessie[?] M. Behre, age 5; son Charles Arnold Behre [b. 1926], age 3 years, 7 months [in April, 1930]; and Helen Kopapka[?], age 18, a Servant doing "housework" for "a private family". Another son, Frederick Daniel Behre [1928-1929], had died in 1929 at age 4 months. In 1933, the Behres moved to Connecticut. They had sold 58 Harkness Road and, until 1939, continued to own 9 Harkness Road, which was presumably rented out.

From 1939 until 1945, 9 Harkness Road was owned by Lota Amanda Bartlett Aldrich [1875-1954] and Persis Marie Aldrich Moakler [1898-1977]. Lota was wife of Royal Wesley Aldrich [1868-1937], the former Superintendent of the Montague City Fish Rod Factory who had died in 1937. Lota was granddaughter of Fish Rod Factory owner, Eugene P. Bartlett. Oddly, 9 Harkness Road was one of the few properties in this neighborhood along the west side of this street which Bartlett never owned. Marie, who at this time was probably divorced (or at least separated from) her husband, Harold Joseph Moakler [1892-1971], was daughter of Royal and Lota. (The Aldriches had had a separate apartment in the Bartlett house at 20 Amherst Road. Royal also owned 17 Harkness Road from 1930 to 1939 which their son, Mark Bartlett Aldrich [1907-1987], probably rented. Mark owned 17 Harkness road from 1940 until 1948.)

In 1938, Marie had been living at 14 Kellogg Avenue in Amherst. Marie had three children (though none listed as residing at the Kellogg Avenue address): Thomas R. Moakler [1921-1999], Lota Marie Moakler [b. 1924], and Wesley Moakler [1927-2004]. In 1941, Thomas attended Deerfield Academy, where he played baseball and was captain of the 1942 football team. He completed U.S. Maritime training at King's Point, Long Island in 1944, and entered the U.S. Naval Reserve with the rank of ensign. He served in the maritime service during World War II. Wesley, reported the Gazette [in 2004] "was a graduate of Deerfield Academy. He attended American International College in Springfield. He was a U.S. Navy veteran of World War II." In 1946, Marie was living at 46 Main Street in Amherst with daughter Lota and son Thomas.

On August 17, 1945, Lota A. Aldrich, "having no husband living," and Marie Aldrich Moakler, "divorced," sold 9 Harkness Road to Frederick George Kugel [b. ca. 1906] and his first wife Ruth E. Dobson Kugel [b. ca. 1911] of Amherst. At this point, 9 Harkness Road has been expanded to its present [2006] size of 1.15 acres, possibly by the addition of some property Lota's son, Mark, may have owned to the west of the house?

The 1946 Street Lists gives Frederick as age 40 and a Mechanical Draftsman. Ruth is age 35 and a Housewife. Also living on "Harkness Road" is Freda Kugel [b. ca. 1876], age 70 and retired. Perhaps Freda was Frederick's mother? In 1947, Frederick and Ruth had a son born in Pelham, Frederick George Kugel, Jr. [b. 1947]. Frederick and Ruth owned 9 Harkness Road until 1950. On July 30,

1951, Frederick married his second wife, Rose B. Beaumont Kugel [b. ca. 1918] in Pelham. Rose had resided at 49 Amherst Road (and continued to do so until 1963).

Bruce G. Brown owned 9 Harkness Road in 1950 and 1951. He later owned other property in Pelham, in the Butter Hill area.

In 1952 Brown sold 9 Harkness Road to Willard Long Thorp [1899-1992] and his second wife Clarice F. Brows Thorp [1912-2003]. Willard was a Professor of Economics at Amherst College. Clarice was a Lawyer from New York. In 1988, the Gazette discussed Willard's post-war work with the Marshall Plan: "Willard L. Thorp is modest about his role in shaping post-war European economics...As the assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs from 1946 until 1952, Thorp had been in charge of U.S. relief programs in Europe and involved in discussions of solutions for bringing about the economic recovery of Europe...Thorp looks back at the MarshallPlan as an important piece of history that combined U.S. financial aid with European ingenuity...'If it weren't for the Marshall Plan, it's hard to imagine what Europe would be like today,' Thorp said at his spacious house on Harkness Road...A graduate of Amherst College in 1920, Thorp received a master's degree from the University of Michigan in 1921 and a doctorate from Columbia University in 1924. He became an economics professor at Amherst College in 1926, and in 1933 took leave of absence to go to Washington andjoin Franklin D. Roosevelt's 'braintrusts.'"After working on Wall Street, he returned to government service as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Economic Affairs in the State Department. "A year later, in 1946, Thorp became the Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs.

"Although Thorp was one of the first government officials to recognize a need for a post-war European recovery program and pushed strongly for its enactment, he speaks humbly about his role in the MarshallPlan. 'I had been exposed to many high-level foreign financial representatives who pointed out the need (for the aid) and I also had close contacts with members of Congress, who wanted a program which would cover the immediate future and not require them to continually relying on relief and recovery legislature,' Thorp said."

On September 12, 1953, Willard spoke at Pelham Old Home Day. "Mr. Thorp remarked," noted the Association's official record of the event, "that today a child might be exposed to measles in Pelham, fly around the world exposing everyone and come back to Pelham to have them. In a world so closely knit together, what Pelham and other towns like it think, may easily have an impact on the world.  [Willard] challenged us to preserve our freedom of judgement so that children coming after us might enjoy the same freedom of judgement that our ancestors fought for."

From 1963 until 1967, Willard served in Paris with the rank of U.S. ambassador, as chairman of the Development Assistance Committee. Among the books which he authored were: Trade, Aid, or What? [1954], The New Inflation [1959] (co-written with Richard E. Quandt), and The Reality of Foreign Aid [1971]. He was also editor of The United States and the Far East.

The Gazette [in 1992] noted how "in his later years [Willard Thorp] was also active in Pelham town government. He served on the Finance Committee from 1975 to 1987—as chairman beginning in

1977—and as Town Treasurer from 1987 to 1990. 'He taught you a lot about diplomacy,' said Walter A. Oliveira [b. 1928], a former Pelham selectman. 'He knew how to take a problem that was maybe getting out of hand and bring the parties together. He was a diplomat.'"

Clarice Brows Thorp, who was married to Willard for 45 years, "attended local schools in New York and was a graduate of New York University School of Law.," reported the Gazette in 2003. "After [Willard's] retirement they moved to Pelham, where she lived for many years. Mrs. Thorp practiced law briefly before her marriage. In Pelham, she was a member of the Board of Selectmen from 1978 to 1987 and had served as its chairwoman. She was known for her willingness to help where needed. A 1984 article in the Gazette told of Mrs. Thorp filling in for the select board secretary when she requested a day off."

Willard died in 1992 and Clarice in 2003. In 2004, the Bulletin reported that Clarice had left "a bequest of $7,000 to the Amherst A Better Chance. Amherst ABC, is a non-profit, locally funded organization...Dale Peterson, president of the A B C board of directors...said Clarice Thorp was a powerful force in Pelham and beyond becoming an active member of the Pelham Board of Selectmen from 1978 to 1987 [sic]. We are honored and touched that she found Amherst ABC, with its parallel history of activism and community connection, worthy of her support."

In 1998, 9 Harkness Road was sold to Roderick V. Jensen [b. 1955], a Professor (and Chairman of) the Physics Department of Wesleyan University, and Laura Smietanka Jensen [b. 1955], a Professor of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst, the current owners at the time of this writing [2006]. The Jensens were from Clinton, Conn. Laura, who attends Pelham Town Meetings, was "a former composer" wrote UMass Magazine [in 2000] who says that "it was participation in local government in Connecticut that convinced her to go back to graduate school in political science. There are a lot of conflicting tendencies out there,' says Jensen. 'At the same time that places like Amherst want to move towards administrationand professional decision- making, you have some big cities saying, 'Let's get rid of the professionals—let's have officials who are accountable to the citizenry who voted them in.'"'

The Jensen family has two children and the family enjoys orienteering. "Orienteering has taken the family to Sweden, Scotland and other parts of Europe," reported the Gazette [in 1999].

9 Harkness Road has been sold since this report was written [2006]. In 2009, major restorations took place to the house.